ROSANES (Rosales), Spanish family originating in the town of Castallvi de Rosanes, near Barcelona. With the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, the members of this family emigrated to Portugal. There they were compelled to convert to Christianity, changing their family name to Rosales. The members of this family were then dispersed in the Oriental countries and those of Eastern and Western Europe. The most prominent members of this family included: JACOB rosales (beginning of the 16th century) in Fez; JACOB HEBRAEUS rosales (17th century); ẒEVI HIRSCH ROSANES (18th century); and ABRAHAM ABELE ROSANES of Minsk. JACOB ROSANES (19th century), the German mathematician, also belonged to this family. A large part of the family settled in turkey and the Balkan countries. ABRAHAM B. MEIR ROSANES (1635?–1720) was a leading rabbi in Constantinople. He was born there and studied under Yom Tov Ẓahalon and Solomon ha-Levi ha-Zaken. Between 1659 and 1677, he was rabbi in Adrianople, where he was the leader of the rabbis who issued a Ḥerem ("ban") against Shabbetai Ẓevi . His son-in-law was his nephew judah b. samuel rosanes , who mentioned some of the teachings of his father-in-law in his work Mishneh la-Melekh on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah. At the end of Abraham's life, he managed the press of his father-in-law, R. Samuel Franco, in Constantinople. He wrote notes and novellae as well as criticisms on Giddulei Terumah by azariah figo . ISAAC B. DAVID ROSANES (1660?–1749) was a rabbi in Constantinople and settled in Jerusalem in 1733. A number of his responsa were published in the works of contemporary Ḥakhamim. ABRAHAM B. ḤAYYIM ROSANES (1665?–1744) was a rabbi and posek, the disciple of his uncle, R. Judah Rosanes. In 1718 he became chief rabbi of Constantinople. In 1743 he settled in Jerusalem, where he died. His responsa are scattered in the works of his contemporaries, such as the Battei Kehunnah by isaac ha-kohen rappaport . ABRAHAM B. JOSEPH ROSANES (1686–1757?) was a rabbi and posek in Constantinople and fought the Shabbatean movement. His responsa and novellae were published in the works of contemporary Ḥakhamim. ISAAC B. ḤAYYIM ROSANES was a wealthy merchant and purveyor to the Turkish army; he was assassinated in 1758 because of a debt which was owed to him by the vizier Valalodin Pasha. ABRAHAM B. ISRAEL ROSANES also known as Ha-ABIR (from the acronym Ha-Rav Abraham ben Israel Rosanes; 1838–1879), was a Ḥakham and merchant. He was born in   Ruschuk (now Ruse), Bulgaria, where he engaged in commerce and established a yeshivah. In 1867 he emigrated to Ereẓ Israel. He sent letters on his impressions of Ereẓ Israel to his friend Menahem Farḥi, which were published in Ha-Maggid (11–12 (1867–68) under the title Masot he-Ḥakham Ha-Abir and a second time by A.M. Habermann (see bibliography). In these letters, he describes the towns of Safed, Tiberias, Jerusalem, Hebron, and their surroundings. After a short while he returned to his native town. His brother, MORDECAI ROSANES, financed the paving of the Western Wall area in Jerusalem in 1874. Abraham's son solomon rosanes was a scholar and historian of the Jews of the Oriental countries. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Frumkin-Rivlin, 3 (1929), 19–20; Recueil jubilaire en l'honneur de Salomon A. Rosanes (1933), passim; M.D. Gaon, in: Mizraḥ u-Ma'arav, 5 (1930–32), 398–409; idem, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ-Yisrael, 2 (1937), 635–43; Rosanes, Togarmah, 4 (1934–35), 107–13; 5 (1937–38), 17–19, 64–65, 90, 178; A.M. Habermann, in: Sinai, 33 (1953), 312–9, 373–82; 34 (1953–54), 241–64; Hirschberg, Afrikah, 2 (1965), 302–3, 305; Z. Harkavy, in: Ḥokhmat Yisrael be-Ma'arav Eiropah, 2 (1963), 249–56. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rosanes — Jacob Rosanes (auch: Jakob Rosanes; * 13. August 1842 in Brody, jetzt Ukraine; † 6. Januar 1922) war ein deutscher Mathematiker und Schachmeister. Rosanes studierte an den Universitäten Berlin und Breslau. 1865 wurde er an der Universität Breslau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ROSANES, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL — (1657–1727), Turkish rabbi, posek and preacher. Rosanes was born in Constantinople. He studied under R. Solomon ha Levi the Elder and R. Joseph b. Isaiah Trani (grandson of joseph b. moses trani ). In his youth, he worked in the business of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROSANES, SOLOMON ABRAHAM — (1862–1938), historian. He was born in Ruschuk (Ruse), Bulgaria. While still in his teens he began to engage in money changing, and in 1878 he was attacked by robbers and seriously injured. After his recovery, acting upon a vow he had taken, he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROSANES, ẒEVI HIRSCH BEN ISSACHAR BERISH — (1733–1804), Polish rabbi; grandson of jacob joshua falk . He was rabbi of Bolechow and in 1787, on the death of Mordecai Ze ev Ornstein, was appointed rabbi of Lemberg, as his grandfather had been. He was the only rabbi of Lemberg after  … …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rosanes, Solomon Abraham — (1862 1938)    Bul garian historian. He was born in Ruschuk. He was a businessman, but devoted himself to Jewish studies, and during World War I settled in Sofia, where he became librarian of the Jewish community. He published studies of Jewish… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Jakob Rosanes — (August 16, 1842 Brody, Austria Hungary (now Ukraine) – January 6, 1922) was a German mathematician who worked on algebraic geometry and invariant theory. He was also a chess master.Rosanes studied at University of Berlin and the University of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jakob Rosanes — Jacob Rosanes (auch: Jakob Rosanes; * 13. August 1842 in Brody, jetzt Ukraine; † 6. Januar 1922) war ein deutscher Mathematiker und Schachmeister. Rosanes studierte an den Universitäten Berlin und Breslau. 1865 wurde er an der Universität Breslau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Castellví de Rosanes — Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Judah Rosanes — Judah ben Samuel Rosanes (1657 1727) was Rabbi of Constantinople and son in law of Abraham Rosanes I. His teachers in Talmud and rabbinics were Samuel ha Levi and Joseph di Trani. On account of his knowledge of Arabic and Turkish he was appointed …   Wikipedia

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